J. David Bleich, "Judaism and Animal Experimentation", Tradition 22/1 (1986), 1-36. - The author reviews rabbinic legal and moral literature on the subject with special attention to twentieth century authorities. He concludes that Jewish Law forbids any act causing pain or discomfort to animals unless such act is designed to satisfy a legitimate human need and such need cannot be met in any other fashion. Medical experimentation for the purpose of achieving therapeutic benefit for human beings is generally endorsed but the experiment must adhere to the strictest possible standards for preventing unnecessary pain. Jewish moral imperatives are seen as even more stringent in the prevention of cruelty to animals, and tend to disavowal of cruelty to animals even where human welfare might be served. (S.M.P. )



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