A. Y. Collins, "The Function of 'Excommunication' in Paul", HTR 73 (l980), 251-263. - In 1 Cor. 5 Paul condemns a Corinthian Christian to be expelled from the church and delivered to Satan for ëthe destruction of the fleshí because of incest. This parallels the concerns of the Qumran community who also excommunicated members for sexual sins with a view to their destruction by Belial on the day of judgment (CD 7:21 - 8:3; 20:1-8). (G.J.W.)

R. Goldstein-Kestenberg, "Herem Hayishuv in a New Context" (Heb.), Proceedings of the Seventh World Congress of Jewish Studies (1981), 17-22. - According to this writer the origins of the Herem Hayishuv (Ban on settlement by outsiders) lie not in the Talmud, but in the social realities of the Jewish Medieval community. In this context, it is profitable to compare it with the Jus Mercatorium (Law Merchant), and to note the similarities between the two legal institutions. It is also noteworthy that a concept similar to the Herem Hayishuv appears in the 45th clause of the Salic Law. The writer also demonstrates certain similarities between various aspects of the Herem Hayishuv and Medieval Customary law. (Y.S.K.)



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