Léon Epsztein, La Justice Sociale dans le Proche-Orient ancien et le Peuple de la Bible, Paris: Editions du Cerf, 1983, Pp. 272, ISBN 2-204-01892-9, Price: F.69,50. - The author, whose earlier work on the content of social laws was noted in Survey no. 777 (JLA V), here adopts a broader approach to his subject. Part One surveys the legal documents of Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt; Part Two is an historiographical essay, comparing the analysis of social justice in the bible by biblical exegetes, the rationalist tradition commencing with Maimonides, and more recent sociological approaches; Part Three discusses social justice in the light of nomadism and the prophetic movement, and surveys the social laws of the Pentateuch, making comparison with those of the Ancient Near East. A useful addition to the literature. (B.S.J.)

Léon Epsztein, Social Justice in the Ancient Near East and the People of the Bible, London: SCM Press, 1986, ISBN 0-334-0233-4-3, Pp.xii, 178, Price: £7.95. - An English translation of La Justice Sociale dans le Proche-Orient ancien et le Peuple de la Bible, noted in Survey no. 1010 (JLA VI). (B.S.J.)

Leslie Hoppe, "Deuteronomy and the Poor", The Bible Today 24 (1986), 371-375; see OTA 10/1 (1987), no.193.

Rui De Menezes, "Social Justice in Israel's Law", Bible Bhashyam 11 (1985), 10-16; see OTA 9/2 (1986), no.598.

Jacques Pons, L'Oppression dans l'Ancien Testament, Paris: Letouzey et Ané, l981, Pp. i, 250, FF 120.00; see BL 1983, p.75.

M.H. Prévost, "L'oppression dans la Bible", in Mélanges à la mémoire de Marcel-Henri Prévost (Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 1982), 3-16. - This is a partially reconstructed posthumous article by PrÈvost, which first considers the term ashak in the Bible, proposes a typology of "oppression" in it (oppression by one people of another, internal political oppression, socio-economic oppression), and surveys protection of the oppressed in the Ancient Near East and in ancient Israel (where it receives a legal as well as an ethical appropriation). (B.S.J.)

Bent Rosendal, "Guds og menneskers retfærdighed hos Tritojesaja", Studier 1 Jesajabogen, ed. Bent Rosendal (Aarhus Universitetsforlag, 1989), 94-116. - A study on the conception sedeq/sedaqa in Is. 55-66. The view of the "Third Isaiah" is often characterized as anthropocentric - in opposition to the first and the second Isaiah. The author argues that tsedek/tsedaka in Trito-Isaiah too, has a mainly theocentric content, culminating in Is. 58.8, where the Lord is called the tsedek of his people. (K.N.)

Carroll Stuhlmacher, "Justice toward the Poor", The Bible Today 24 (1986), 385-390; see OTA 10/1 (1987), no.293.



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